According to the UNODC’s survey, the coca cultivation increased from 48,000 ha. in 2013 to 69,000 in 2014 with a potential cocaine production of 442 metric tons, thus representing a 52 per cent increase.
Based on images collected by satellite, the Survey indicates a reduction in some Colombian regions like the Amazon, Orinoco and Sierra Nevada, it rose considerably in the Pacific, Central, Putumayo-Caquetá and Meta-Guaviare regions.
Highlights from the Survey regarding the coca crops increase:
- Production grew strongly in two national parks, namely La Macarena and Nukak.
- Alarming presence in Afro-Colombian and indigenous areas.
- Red flag on the regional increase in the Putumayo-Caquetá region – 68% per cent –
- Value of coca leaf production and coca derived farm products skyrocketed a 40% from $292 million in 2013 to $408 million in 2014.
- The Coca economy is the equivalent of 0.3 per cent of Colombia’s GDP and three per cent of the share of GDP related to agriculture.